auto immune

What are Auto Immune Diseases?

22 May 2023

Autoimmune diseases are conditions in which the body's immune system mistakenly recognizes healthy cells and tissues as foreign and attacks them. This can lead to inflammation and damage to organs and tissues. There are over 80 known autoimmune diseases, including the most well-known ones such as rheumatoid arthritis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, lupus, type 1 diabetes, Crohn's disease, and Celiac disease.

The immune system is usually intended to protect us against harmful invaders such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It produces antibodies and white blood cells that fight these invaders. However, autoimmune diseases confuse the immune system and attack the body's cells and tissues. This often results in increased inflammation markers in the blood.

The symptoms of autoimmune diseases can vary widely depending on the specific condition and which organs or tissues are affected. Common symptoms include fatigue, pain, swelling, fever, and skin rashes. Diagnosing autoimmune diseases can be challenging because the symptoms often overlap with those of other conditions. As a result, many people with these diseases are often labeled as having "vague complaints," and many individuals with gastrointestinal disorders are often diagnosed with "irritable bowel syndrome."

While the exact causes of autoimmune diseases are not fully understood, several factors may contribute to their development, including:

  • Genetics: Autoimmune diseases often have a hereditary component, which occurs more frequently in certain families. Specific genes responsible for regulating the immune system may have defects or mutations that increase the risk of developing autoimmune diseases.
  • Environmental factors: Various environmental factors can contribute to developing autoimmune diseases, such as exposure to toxic substances, infections, viruses, and bacteria. Also, long-term stress can be a cause. Read more about it in this blog. This can disrupt the immune system and lead to autoimmune diseases.
  • Lifestyle: An unhealthy lifestyle can also contribute to developing autoimmune diseases. This may include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, lack of exercise, and sleep deprivation.
  • Hormonal factors: Hormones can also play a role in autoimmune diseases, especially in women. There is evidence that hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause can worsen the symptoms of autoimmune diseases.
  • Diet: Certain nutrients can hurt the immune system and may contribute to developing autoimmune diseases. This can include consuming highly processed foods, refined sugars, and saturated fats.

The Autoimmune Protocol (AIP) diet is designed to eliminate foods that may cause inflammation and irritation in the digestive tract, affecting the body's immune system. The diet aims to improve gut health, reduce inflammation, and restore immune system balance.

The diet eliminates foods often considered inflammatory, such as grains, dairy, legumes, nuts, seeds, eggs, nightshade vegetables, and processed foods. Instead, it recommends consuming healthy foods such as vegetables, fruits, fish, meat, poultry, healthy fats, and herbs.

The AIP diet can provide various benefits for people with autoimmune diseases. Firstly, the diet can reduce inflammation and improve gut health, restoring immune system balance. This, in turn, can reduce symptoms such as pain, fatigue, swelling, and stiffness.

Additionally, the AIP diet can support the healing process of damaged tissues in the body, which is often seen in autoimmune diseases. The diet contains many nutrients necessary for tissue repair, such as vitamin A, C, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids.

Lastly, the AIP diet can contribute to a healthy and balanced gut microbiome, crucial for a healthy immune system. The diet includes many foods that contain probiotics and prebiotics, which can support the growth of beneficial bacteria in the intestines and improve gut health.

In summary, the AIP diet can be valuable to consider if you experience symptoms of autoimmune diseases and are looking for a diet that may help reduce inflammation and calm the immune system. However, it's essential to always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any diet, and the diet should not be considered the only treatment for autoimmune diseases.